Louise Nevelson (b. 1899, Kiev, Ukraine; d. 1988, New York, NY) was a pioneering modernist sculptor known for her iconic assemblages from wooden objects united through monochromatic painting- typically black, white, and sometimes gold. Nevelson moved to the US as a young child and studied at the Art Students League of New York, painted with Hans Hoffman in Germany, and worked as an assistant for Diego Rivera. She was the subject of two retrospectives at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1967 and 1998 as well as a traveling international retrospective in 1973. She was the featured artist in the US Pavilion of the Venice Biennale in 1962 and 1976.